Geographical Location :
Bangladesh lies across the Tropic of Cancer, in the northeastern part of South Asia between 20o.34' and 26.38' north latitude and longitudes 88.01' and 92.41' east.
The country is bordered by India on the west, north and the northeast, Myanmar is on the southeast and the Bay of Bengal is on the south. Strategically located, Bangladesh is virtually a bridge between South and Southeast Asia.
The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Form of Government:
Parliamentary form of Government headed by the Prime Minister. The President is the constitutional head of the State.
North: India (West Bengal & Meghalaya); West: India (West Bengal); East: India (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar; South: Bay of Bengal.
147,570 sq km (Territorial waters - 12 nautical miles)
Dhaka (Metropolitan area 522 sq km)
GMT + 6 hours
Sub-tropical monsoon Winter (December-February) Temperature: average maximum 290C, average minimum 110C Summer (April-June) Temperature: average maximum 320C, average minimum 210C
1194 mm to 3454 mm (average during monsoon season, June-August)
Highest: 99% (July); Lowest: 36% (December-January)
Grassland, mixed evergreen and evergreen
Population Growth Rate :
Adult Literacy Rate :
15 years+: 65%
Ethnic Groups :
Mixed group of Proto Austroloids/ Dravidians, Mongoloids and Aryans.
Bangla: 95 % (English is widely spoken)
Muslim (88.3%), Hindu (10.5%), Buddhist (0.6%), Christian, Others (0.3%)
Rice, vegetables, pulses, fish and meat
Rice, wheat, jute, tea, tobacco and sugarcane
Padma, Brahmaputra, Jamuna,Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, etc. Total of 230 rivers, including tributaries
Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite, silica sand, white clay, radio active sand, etc.
A substantial manpower reserve; trained and skilled engineers, technicians, physicians, economists, accountants, administrative and managerial personnel; abundance of low-cost, easily trainable and adaptable, hard-working, intelligent and youthful labour force.
Social life in Bangladesh is marked by rich traditions and communal harmony. The population of the country currently stands at around 133 Million. Around 75 percent of the people live in rural areas while 60 percent of the population depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Rice and fish constitute the common diet. There are about 1.8 million minority people, the majority of whom live in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. The tribes maintain their traditional cultural distinction.
GMT plus 6 hours
Taka/TK(US$1=Tk. 69.06) approx. (as on 31 Aug. 2009)
GDP at Current Price:
US$57 billion (2004)
Per Capita GDP:
GNP Per Capita:
GDP Growth Rate:
Sectoral Contribution in GDP:
Industrial Growth Rate(at 1996 Constat Price):
Inflation Rate :
23.6% of GDP
National Savings Rate:
24.5% of GDP
US$7.6 billion (2003-2004)
US$ 10.9 billion (2003-2004)
Jute, tea, textiles, garments, paper, newsprint, fertilizer, leather and leather gods, sugar, cement, fish processing, pharmaceuticals, chemical industries, etc.
Tradtional Export Items:
Raw jute, jute manufactures (Hessian sacking, carpet backing, carpets), jute products, tea, leather, leather products etc.
Non-Tradtional Export Items:
Garments, frozen shrimps, other fish products, newsprint, paper, naphtha, furnace oil, urea, ceramic products etc.
Wheat, oil, seeds, crude petroleum, raw cotton, edible oil, petroleum products, fertilizer, cement, staple fibers, yarn, iron and steel, capital goods, etc.
Major Trading Partners:
USA, EU countries, India, China, Japan. Singapore, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Thailand, Saudia Arabia, UAE.
Zia International Airport, Dhaka , Chittagong International Airport, Chittagong and Osmani International Airport, Sylhet.
Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Jessore and Barisal.
Chittagong and Mongla.
Inland River Ports:
Dhaka, Chanpur, Barisal, Khulna, Bhariab, Narayangonj, Sirajganj etc
Employment & Labour Force:
Civilian labour force: 60.3 million
Male: 37.5 million
female 22.8 million
Distribution of labour force:
Agriculture - 62.3%
Industry - 8.3%
Others - 29.40%
Ganges/Padma, Brahmaputra/Jamuna, Meghna, Karnaphuli, Teesta, etc. (total 230 rivers including tributaries).
Winter (November-February), Summer (March-June), Monsoon (July-October).
Natural gas, limestone, hard rock, coal, lignite, silica sand, white clay, etc. (There is a strong possibility of oil deposits).
The National Flag
is in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of length to width 5:3 bearing a red circle on the body of the green, the red circle has a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. The background green symbolizes the greenery and the youthfulness. The red disc represents the rising sun of independence after the dark night of a blood-drenched struggle.